Tuesday, June 30, 2015 9:36:50 AM
Iran's Chief Executive of Empowering and Organization of Informal Settlements said that at least 11 million citizens are currently inhabited in the Urban Distressed Areas and outskirts of cities across the country.
Thirty-five to fifty percent (more than 3.5 million) of the population of Tehran are marginalized according to the Mayor of Tehran Ghalibaf in Jan 2007.
He added the area of informal settlements in 77 cities of Iran are more than 54,000 hectare with more than 6 million people as Statistical Center of Iran said.
Regarding the statistical result in 2011, more than 109 family live in the outskirts regions such as tents, shanties, sheds and demolished buildings.
On the other hand, HIV Expert of Health Institute of Mazandaran Province has previously said to Iranian agency "selling children has become a serious issue among the women from the margin of cities like Amol and Sari". They are addicted and prostitutes, they get pregnant and sell their children to earn money for their expenses.
According to the definition given by the Ministry of Interior; unauthorized settlements is referred to those rural and deprived immigrants who settle in urban and Metropolis regions which is outside the formal planning and urban development law, such settlements often have been conducted illegally and not legally authorized.
Marginalized people are mostly from workers and poorer people of the society. They have black jobs with little incomes such as gathering rubbish, polishing shoes, selling flowers in junctions and selling products without the license in the streets. The working hours of these kinds jobs totally depends on how much has been earned and if it is enough to buy a piece of bread.
Marginalization is one of the results of capitalism.
Base on the records of international institutions, one person among seven is marginalized in the world. This figure for developing countries is one person in three.
High life expenses in the capital of Iran forces so many of migrants to live in nearby cities like Karaj, and this causes marginalization. This issue is increasing drastically and becoming a threat.
There are major industrial and manufacturing plants and mines which lead so many of Iranians to choose this city to live there.
Experts have believed that marginalization in large cities has many reasons including the concentration of facilities in large cities and unfair distribution of job opportunities and wealth.
By: Kaveh Taheri