Detailed Report of Iran's Systemic Human Rights Violations under the Islamic Republic

 Sunday, October 18, 2015 1:48:32 PM

 In reports to the Human Rights Council, the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights in Iran, Ahmed Shaheed, and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon also expressed concern over the continuing high rate of executions in Iran, the jailing of journalists and human rights activists, the lack of freedom of expression, and discrimination against women. The widespread human rights violations continue unabated despite numerous promises from Iran to take steps to end or ameliorate them at Iran's 2010 UPR session, Dr. Shaheed said on March 2015.


Arbitrary Arrests:


Ramin Zandnia, one of the activists of Teacher Union Association of Kurdistan, was arrested by Iran�s security forces in the city of Saqqez, Kurdistan Province on October 15, 2015. Officials detained him when he had travelled along with his family, rights groups said. Mr. Zandnia was allegedly arrested in 2010-2011 as a result of his peaceful activities; he was finally convicted to four months in prison which has been suspended for about two years at Branch first of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Sanandaj for vague charges �propaganda against the regime of Iran� in 2012, Campaign to Defend Civil and Political Prisoners in Iran stated.

Amin Anwari Rostami, an Iranian civil rights activist and a student of Polytechnic University, was arrested by IRGC officials in an attack at his father�s house under the warrant of Branch 2 of the Evin Court. Officials have seized his personal belongings such as a laptop, cell phones and personal computers, and allegedly taken him to the notorious Ward 2-A of Sepah. Amin Anwari, 21, was previously detained by security police (Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran) with charges for �propaganda against the regime�, �insulting to the Supreme Leader of Iran� and �insulting to one of influential Shia cleric Mohammad-Taghi Mesbah-Yazdi (a member of the Assembly of Experts in Iran) in own Facebook account�, BCR Group has learned. He, the son of an Iranian professor of Tarbiat Modares University, was convicted to two years and six months in prison, which reduced to five years as a suspended sentence, his relatives stated. Amin suffers from a serious lung infection, heart disease, and serious eyesight disorders. He is refused to access his family, according to his releatives.


Ali Shariati, an Iranian political activist, was arrested by plain-clothes officials Intelligence Service on Feb 18, 2015, and taken to Ward 209 of Evin. Prisons officials transferred him to Ward 8 after having five months in isolation, rights groups said. Finally, Iran�s authorities sentenced him to 12 years and nine months in prison for �propaganda against the regime�, �insulting to the Supreme Leader of Iran�, �insulting to Iran�s president� and �using satellite� at Branch 15 of the Islamic Revolutionary Court chaired by Judge Salavati. Mr. Shariati suffers from Sciatica (pain affecting the back, hip, and outer side of the leg, caused by compression of a spinal nerve root in the lower back, often owing to degeneration of an intervertebral disc) and kidney disorders. He was frequently arrested by Iran�s security officials for his peaceful activities. 


Majid Mohammadi Moein, an Iranian journalist, who has serving his four years imprisonment since 2011, convicted to six years in prison which becomes totally ten years imprisonment as one of the heavy sentences against Iranian activists in Rouhani�s presidential period. He was arrested by security officials on Feb 14, 2011, and sentenced to four years in prison for �propaganda against the regime� and �assembly and collusion against national security�, his relatives said. Mr. Moein, who is kept at Ward 8 of Evin prison, has reportedly started a hunger strike to protest against his unjust verdict. He is the son of a member of the Central Committee of the Office for the Consolidation of Unity. He had begun a hunger strike to protest against his unjust trial, rights groups declared.


Pooria Ebrahimi, an Iranian civil rights activist, was arrested along with Shokoufeh Azar and Ghazaleh Shiri by security officials in an attack on a house in Rud-E Hen City of Damavand County on June 9, 2015. He, 21, was trialed for �propaganda against the regime�, �relationship with foreign Medis� and �broad casting untruth news� at branch six of the Evin Court on June 17, 2015. Officials had allegedly kept him in Ward 209 at Evin prison; he is transferred to Ward 8, rights groups said. The young civil rights activist was previously sentenced to one-year in prison for �propaganda against the regime� and released after spending his imprison term from Ward 350 of the prison on May 16, 2013. He was one of the prisoners who was taken to isolation (Ward 209) about 11 days during conflicts in the infamous Ward 350.


Mohammad-Saeed Husseinzadeh Movahed, 24, was previously sentenced to seven years in prison at Branch 28 in the Islamic Revolutionary Court chaired by Judge Mohammad Mogheyseh, confirmed by the Appeal Court. Mr. Husseinzadeh accused of "assembly and collusion against national security", "propaganda against the regime of Iran", "insulting to the Supreme Leader of IRI" and "attending the demonstrations to support Kobane in front of Tehran's UN office" in the court on 15 March 2015.

He was arrested by IRGC officials at his father's house on 15 Oct 2014 and taken to the solitary confinement at Evin prison. He had been in isolation about 91 days in Ward 2-A Sepah of the prison. Mr. Husseinzadeh is kept in the public Ward eight amongst criminals imprisoned for serious offenses such as murder, rape, drug smuggling, embezzlement, fraud and forgery (Ward Eight is officially labeled as a financial crimes ward).

Officials had seized his personal belongings such as PC and two cell phones, his relatives said.

Officials had formerly refused his conditional release on the bail, despite the court decided temporary release on the bail of 30 million Tomans (10,000 $), according to the reliable sources. Despite critical health conditions like, breathing disorders, arthritis, rheumatism and digestive disorders, he was not granted bail. He lost his health as a result of unfavorable conditions and medical care shortage in the chambers during his isolation.

Earlier this year, he was admitted to the hospital outside the prison after a heart attack because of the breathing problems on 13 April 2015. He had been reportedly handcuffed and taken to the hospital, in the formal prisoner's dress. Mr. Hussenzadeh returned back to the infamous ward in the prison with no effective medical treatment, the reliable sources declared.

After that, he has had a sudden heart attack on 15 May 2015, and transferred to the prison clinic following repeated heart attack on 16 and 17 May. The medical trainees had attempted to the overall exchange of oxygen in his body by the artificial respiration equipment.

On 6 Sep 2015, He, who had forcibly resigned from the Tehran University in the field of Software Engineering, asked officials a re-examination for medical treatment by submitting an open letter to the Deputy of Evin prison Mr. Momeni.


Omid Alishenas, an Iranian civil rights activist, was arrested by IRGC officials in the front of his father's house on 4 Sep 2014 and taken to Ward 2-A Sepah. He was accused of the charges "Assembly and collusion to attempt the crimes against national security", "propaganda against the regime" and "insulting to the Supreme Leader of IRI" at Branch 28 in the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Tehran chaired by Judge Mohammad Mogheyeseh on 7 March 2015.

He had been in isolation about 132 days as his relatives said. Officials had allegedly denied the rights to access his family (face to face meeting) for more than five months. Mr. Alishenas Has just met his relatives behind the bars via phone.

Finally, he, 32, was sentenced to ten years in prison such as a maximum punishment by the court for his peaceful activities as a children labor activist, as well as gatherings he attended to protest the situation of Kobane children in Syria. The sentence was notified by the Head of Office of the Branch 28 on 12 May 2015, and the case has been allegedly referred for re-examination to Branch 36 at the Appeal Court chaired by Judge Seyed Ahmad Zargar.

Omid, son of Atila, was very hopeful of being released on bail; Iran's judiciary officials refused his released on the bail of 100 million Tomans (33,000 $) despite of the initial decision on conditional release, the reliable sources said. It means he will have to spend the best years of his life in the notorious Evin prison.

Officials had confiscated his personal belongings such as cell phones, flash memories, three Personal Computers and a laptop, camera and CDs.

 Mr. Alishenas, has an academic degree in the field of Civil Engineering, has been reportedly experienced severe tortures both physically __ psychologically in the Islamic Republic chambers where the goal of inquisition. He was frequently beaten during his interrogation periods that had been mostly at night; officials used the barbaric procedures as "Grave Cell" to be forcibly confessed. Grave Cell is one of the most grievous methods of torture that the captives are kept standing in the vertical concrete grave with a small hatch to air-circulation.

He has been in the solitary confinements at Ward 2-A Sepah for 132 days, and transferred to the public Ward eight amongst criminals imprisoned for serious offenses such as murder, rape, drug smuggling, embezzlement, fraud and forgery (Ward Eight is officially labeled as a financial crimes ward).


Arash Sadeghi, an Iranian student rights activist, was convicted to 15 years imprisonment at Branch 15 of the Islamic Revolutionary Court chaired by Judge Salavati, his wife Golrokh Ebrahimi Eirai also sentenced to six years in prison.

Arash Sadeghi, the fired student from Alameh Tabatabai University, was arrested by Iran�s security forces at his work on 6 Sep 2014.

Mr. Sadeghi accused of �gathering demonstration and collusion against the regime�, �propaganda against the regime� and �insulting to the Supreme Leader of Iran.�

Arash�s detention had been frequently extended despite his critical health condition. He had has extremely painful experiences in prison�both psychologically and physically when officials raided his father�s house at 4 am on 30 Oct 2010 during his former arrest. His mother suffered a fatal heart attack and died as a result of the shock of the raid.

He currently suffers from a broken rib and shoulder as a result of torture inflicted in the Ministry of Intelligence detention centers. He needs effective and urgent medical care, including surgery on his injured shoulder.

Contrary to the imperative medical care, Arash's detention has been extended, and he has been exposed for about seven months to solitary confinement in the Intelligence Agency�s prison.

On 12 Oct 2013,  he was released from Section 209 of Evin prison, after 19 months in solitary confinement, torture and hunger strike; only after 11 months being free he was arrested again on 6 Sep 2014 and was transferred to Ward 2-A of Sepah detention center.

Finally, he is released on the bail of 600 million Tomans (21,000 $) from the prison, till the trial to be met. Mr. Sadeghi is one of the students who were denied education because of his student�s activity. But, Arash and his wife Golrokh, who were previously sentenced to total 21 years by Branch 15 of Tehran Revolutionary Courts by Judge Salavti, were sentenced to 25 years upon appeal in the same court. Previously Arash was given 4 years suspended sentence along with 15 years in prison. Upon appeal the sentence is now 25 prisons.


Majid Moghadam, a civil rights activist, who has been arrested by Revolutionary Guards officials on 3 Dec 2014, sentenced to six years imprisonment by Revolutionary Court of Tehran according to the reports received by the campaign in defence of Civil and Political Prisoners.

Majid as one of the victims and detainees of Kahrizak has been reportedly accused on the charge of propaganda against the regime of Iran, illegally way-out of the borders and lack of Military Service ID.

Officials have allegedly seized the personal belongings as a satellite receiver, flash memory, some books and CDs during the raid at his father house.

It is worth noting that the officials had told the owners of the building that Majid is a drug dealer. They use this trick to make them open the door as his relatives said.

Majid had been previously arrested during the unrest after the presidency election in 2009 by plainclothes officials (Basiji) that as a witness of horrible occurrences in Kahrizak has unfolded the details regarding the cruel repressions by officials and plainclothes against demonstrators through his testimony.

He had reportedly begun a hunger strike to protest his unjust verdict and inhumane condition in Evin prison on April 2015. The hunger strike started due to unfair sentence and excruciating life in the prison such as overcrowding of prisoners in ward eight and lack of adequate food both quantity-quality.

He was kept at Wards (2-A and 8) in Evin prison. He is released on the bail of 300 million Tomans (100,084 $) till the final decision to be met.


Asoo Rostami, an Iranian children rights activist and an English teacher at an Institute, was arrested for attending the demonstration in support of Kobane in the front of UN office in Tehran on Oct 9, 2014. He was arrested by IRGC officials at Mirdamad Avenue in Tehran and taken to solitary confinement at the infamous the Evin prison---Ward 2-A under the control of the Sepah forces.

Mr. Rostami, 28, had spent about 97 days in isolation where his health started to decline because of the dire conditions in prison-- the reliable sources stated. The prisoner suffers from a pre-existing lung condition. He had apparently vomited blood; according to his cellmates.

Mr. Rostami was reportedly permitted to be treated in Imam Khomeini Hospital after repeated hospitalizing by the medical trainee in the prison clinic, but he was returned back to Evin prison with no effective medical care according to reports.

The prisoner had a sudden stroke on Monday, August 24, 2015. Despite the serious condition recognized by prison doctors, Mr. Rostami was not transferred to hospital.

He was sentenced to seven years in prison on vague charges �assembly and collusion against national security�, �propaganda against the regime of Iran� and �insulting to the Supreme Leader� through his peaceful activities. Branch 28 of the Islamic Revolutionary Court chaired by Judge Mohammad Mogheyseh handed down this very heavy sentence. The case was referred to Branch 36 of the Appeal Court for re-examination chaired by Judge Seyed Ahmad Zargar.

Officials have seized his personal belongings during an attack at his father�s house after the arrest.

IRGC�s officials had reportedly summoned his mother for some interrogation that caused her to have a heart attack while Mr. Rostami had kept in isolation.


Navid Khanjani, founder of Human Rights Committee and a member Population of Combat against Educational Discrimination, who had been convicted to 12 years incarceration serving his fourth years of detention. He was deprived of the right of release since his detention.

Navid, 29, a Baha�I citizen, was arrested along with some other activists by Revolutionary Guards officials in the city of Isfahan on 2010 that was released from the solitary confinements at Ward 2-Alef of Sepah in Evin prison on the bail of 100 million Tomans after two months.

The officials had imposed him doing a televised confess through the severe torture both- physically and psychologically during his first 25 days in the solitary confinement as Human Rights organizations have expressed concern about his critical condition in the prison.

He was sentenced to the imprisonment on the charge of spreading false news, propaganda against the regime and disturbing the public vision through broadcasting the news and several interviews with Medias at branch 26 of Revolutionary Court which chaired by Judge Pir-Abbas.

He was eventually detained and transferred to Rajai Shahr prison to serve his 12 years incarceration terms on 5 Sept 2012 according to the reports received by the BCR Group. Navid is kept at Hall 12 of Ward four, whereas, he suffers from mitral valve prolapse treatment, and chronic migraine as right groups have expressed.


Saeed Shirzad, a children labor activist, was arrested in his workplace (Tabriz Refinery) on 2 June 2014. He had been formerly arrested during the earth-quake of Ahar city in Azerbaijan province on 21 August 2012.  Saeed was exiled to Rajai Shahr due to their hunger strike in order to return their inmates from solitary confinement. The prisoners had protested against compulsory fueled in the prison yard in winter and warm clothes shortage for inmates at ward eight in Evin prison, after the protest, eight of the prisoners were taken to solitary confinement. It should be noted that Saeed had been kept in Evin prison before exile.

Saeed was tried on Sept 12, 2015 at Branch 15 of Islamic Revolutionary Courts presiding Judge Salavati and sentenced to 5 years in prison on vague charges of " assembly and collusion against national security".


Iran's security forces allegedly arrested at least six student activists on September 16, 2015, HRANA has learned. Officials arrested activists in the cities of Tehran and Karaj on Wednesday, included Hussein Jandaghian, Siyamak Molla-Mohammadi (Zhooan), Kiana (Didar) Karimpoor, Sepehrdad Saheban, Ghazal Moghadam and Mehrban Keshavarzi. They were arrested during the separate attacks at their houses and taken to Evin prison, according to the news. Security forces confiscated their personal belongings such as personal computers and books in the attack. Most of them were allegedly graduated or studied at Khajeh Nasir Toosi University. Kiana (Didar) Karimpoor, Sepehrdad Saheban, Ghazal Moghadam and Mehrban Keshavarzi were allegedly released after a while, reports have mentioned.


An award-winning Iranian filmmaker whose work focuses on the travails of modern life Mr. Keywan Karimi and two songwriters (known as postmodern sonnet poets) Miss. Fatemeh Ekhtsari, Mr. Seyed Mehdi Mousavi were sentenced to totally 26 years in prison, and 99 lashes by the Islamic Revolutionary Court chaired by Judge Mogheyseh. Branch 28 of the Islamic Revolutionary Court held its charges against them included 11 years and six months imprisonment and 99 lashes for Miss Ekhtesari, nine years in prison and 99 lashes for Mr. Mousavi and six years in prison and 223 lashes for Mr. Karimi, rights groups said. Mr. Mousavi and Miss. Ekhtesari were previously arrested by Iran�s security forces and kept in the infamous Ward 2-A of IRGC. They finally released on January 13, 2014.

Earlier this year, rights groups reported on the harassment and repeated interrogations of two board members of the Iranian Writers� Association, Baktash Abtin and Reza Khandan Mahabadi.


Accordingly, Hamed Ghasemi, an Iranian-American, was arrested when he went to Iran for his mother's funeral, HRANA stated. Officials had allegedly detained him for murder referring to Tahereh Ghasemi assassination. As a consequence of the reports, another citizen has been added on the list of four Iranian-American detained in Iran. Iran�s authorities have previously arrested dual citizenships included Jason Rezaian, an American-Iranian journalist employed as The Washington Post Bureau Chief in Tehran, Amir Hekmati, the former United States Marine, and Omid Kokabee, an Iranian experimental laser physicist at the University of Texas at Austin, who has been imprisoned after returning to Iran for a visit. In addition, an Iranian-American pastor Saeed Abedini, who converted to Christianity in 2000, was arrested in July 2012 when he went to Iran to see his family and build an orphanage, BCR Group has learned. The imprisoned Iranian-American was sentenced to eight years in prison for vague charges as �intending to disrupt Iranian national security by establishing a network of Christian house churches.� He has been reportedly kept at the notorious Rajai Shahr prison amongst criminals imprisoned for serious offenses such as murder, rape, drug smuggling and fraud. Mr. Abedini was recently summoned to the Prison Security Department by two infamous torturers identified as Mr. Bahreini and Mr. Mozare. The officials had allegedly threatened Mr. Abedini for other vague charges.



Women�s Detainees:


Atena Daemi, 26-year-old, an Iranian civil rights activist who has been held in Evin prison since October 2014 are at risk of losing her health due to medical care shortage, according to the news. She gradually losing her eyesight because of holding in isolation about 86 days whereupon her eyesight diminishes day by day; officials refuse her rights access hospitalizing despite her critical situation. Miss. Daemi also suffers from a severe headache, weakness and fatigue, a severe toothache as a result of inferior dental nerve disorders and suspected of having Multiple Sclerosis disease, her relatives said. IRGC officials arrested Miss. Daemi at his father�s house on 21 Oct 2014, and taken to the solitary confinement in Ward 2-A Sepah at the notorious Evin prison. She was held several months under temporary detention despite her lawyer�s repeated demands for her release on bail, persecuted for false charges �assembly and collusion against national security�, �propaganda against the regime�, �insulting the Supreme Leader and the sacred� and �concealing crime evidence related to the other prisoner of conscience Ali Noori� by Branch 28 at the Islamic Revolutionary Court in capital of Iran, Tehran chaired by Judge Mohammad Mogheyseh. She, who worked at the Revolution Sports Club in Tehran, was trialed by the court on March 7, 2015. Miss. Daemi had been accused of �insulting to the Supreme Leader and the sacred� due to some facetiae, jokes and some protest songs related to Shahin Najafi, an opponent Iranian rapper, found on her cell phone. She was also convicted of the other charges for her opinion against forced hijab (Islamic female dress) through her Facebook posts, and her campaigns to the capital punishment through participating in gatherings, and attending the protests for situation of Kobane children in Syria. She has experienced severe psychological tortures in the chambers both in isolation and public wards. �Atena was asked to provide the password to the Facebook page of one of her friends, who is also imprisoned, during interrogations,� International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran reported. Finally, Iran�s Islamic Revolutionary Court held its severest charges against her as 14 years in prison, notified by the Head of Office of the Branch 28. She convicted to the rigorous punishment just for her peaceful and humanitarian activities. She is awaiting the final decision by the Appeal Court; the case has been referred for re-examination to Branch 36 chaired by Judge Seyed Ahmad Barzegar. Iran�s officials refused her lawyer requests for her release on bail, the reliable sources declared. Concerning this, Amnesty International asked Iran�s authorities releasing Atena Daemi immediately and unconditionally through an urgent action, started at their release news website.Ahmed Shaheed, the UN special rapporteur for the situation of human rights in Iran, had expressed concern about the heavy sentences and urged the Iranian authorities to reconsider the cases. �I am deeply concerned by the prosecution of these individuals for what appears to be a legitimate exercise of internationally protected rights to expression and assembly,� he said.


Atena Farghadani, 28, was sentenced to 12 years and nine months in prison on charges of �gathering and colluding against national security�, �spreading propaganda against the system�, �insulting members of parliament through paintings�, �insulting the Supreme Leader of Iran�, and insulting her interrogators. The cartoonist and her lawyer on a charge of �illegitimate sexual relations falling short of adultery� after they shook hands is not only absurd and extreme but clearly politically motivated, Amnesty International said. Both Atena Farghadani, whom Amnesty International regards as a prisoner of conscience, and her lawyer Mohammad Moghimi may face up to 99 lashes if found guilty. The organization believes the cartoonist and activist has been detained solely for exercising her right to freedom of expression. It is clearly both absurd and a violation of the right to privacy to consider a man and a woman shaking hands as a criminal offense, Raha Bahreini, Amnesty International researcher has stated.


Nahid Gorji, a resident of Mashhad City, was arrested by security forces for her peaceful activities in social media in an attack (in a very harsh manner) at her house on October 11, 2014. She is released on the bail of 400 million Tomans (133,600 $) due to her critical health condition as chronic depression. Officials had previously held her trial, but the court decision has not been accessed. She was released on the bail of 400 million Tomans (133,000 $) due to her critical health condition.


Narges Mohammadi, an Iranian Civil rights activist and Deputy Director of the banned Defenders of Human Rights Center, was arrested in her house in an attack by Iranian security forces on May 5, 2015 and taken to Evin prison. The officials threatened to break down the door if she didn�t let them in. She faces charges of �propaganda against the state,� �assembly and collusion against national security,� and �establishing the anti-security and illegal �Step by Step to Stop Death Penalty� group (a campaign established by prominent Iranian civil activists that strives to abolish capital punishment in Iran).� Miss. Mohammadi had frequently campaigned for the rights of her fellow Iranian citizens. She suffers from a partial paralysis disease; officials taken her to the hospital. Doctors recommended that she should be seen and immediately treated by specialists, but she returned to prison with no medical treatment. Narges has been reportedly banned from speaking to her eight-year-old twins on the phone. She has been forcibly separated from them for her human rights activities, since her children were born. They are living with their father in exile in France.

�I would do whatever was in my powers to protect you from any hurt. Please forgive me. The deprivations that the government aimed to impose on me were more so imposed on you. The two of you have faced more suffering in the first eight-and-a-half years of your life than you could possibly imagine�, a letter from Narges to her children in exile.


Bahareh Hedayat, a member of the group known as the One Million Signatures campaign (also known as the Campaign for Equality) and a member of the Central Committee of the Office for the Consolidation of Unity, was arrested on 31 December 2009, shortly after mass arrests following anti-government protests on the religious festival of Ashoura in the wake of the 2009 presidential election. Miss. Hedayat, 34, should have been released by the end of June 2015, and she was in fact served her five years imprisonment as a highest sentence, which was for �acting against national security and publishing falsehoods� by Branch 54 of the Appeals Court on August 12, 2015. She was sentenced to six months in prison for �insulting the president�, two years for �insulting the Leader� and five years for �gathering and colluding to commit crimes against national security� In May 2010. Bahareh is currently serving a ten-year prison sentence in Evin Prison. �Keeping Bahareh Hedayat in Evin Prison�is illegal and the authority holding her can face imprisonment for up to three years in addition to being banned from government positions for three to five years,� based on Article 570 of Iran�s Islamic Penal Code, her attorney Oliaei-Fard said to the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran.


Shokoufeh Azar, an Iranian civil rights activist, was arrested by security officials along with Pooria Ebrahimi and Miss. Ghazaleh Shiri in an attack in Rud-E Hen City on June 9, 2015. She, 45, was allegedly charged for �propaganda against the regime� and �assembly and collusion against national security through organizing illegal groups (opponents the regime of Iran).� She is deprived of rights accessing lawyer since her arrest; officials have reportedly kept her in Ward women (Band-E Nesvan), rights groups reported. In addition, Miss. Ghazaleh Shiri was released after 72 hours jailing.

White Torture

Grave concern over lack of access to medical care for sick prisoners of conscience; White Torture- Gradual Death Is Iran's Prisoners' Fate

The names of prisoners who need immediate health treatment are as follows:

1.   Mr. Hossain Kazemeyni Broujerdi, 54, still has not been afforded access to medical care and medicines that he surely is eligible for special medical care due to torture and his critical condition in the prison. He suffers from heart and respiratory disease and kidney failure during imprisonment. He suffered fatal brain attack as a result of the nervous shock on 19 Dec 2014 and suspected gangrenous disease. As of yet, officials have not mentioned on his serious condition.

2.  Hamzeh Sawari, 28, suffers from urinary tract infection and kidney disorders.

3.    Mashallah Haeri, 63, suffers from heart diseases, severe depression, a lung infection and neurological disorders.

4.    Farhad Fahandezh, 53, suffers from high blood pressure; he needs special medical care.

5.    Shahram Poormansoori, 32, suffers from severe depression and neurological disorders.

6.    Adel Naeimi suffers from coronary artery stenosis.

7.    Afif Naeimi suffers from hypercoagulable disorders (Blood Clotting Disorders).

8.    Mohammad Seyfzadeh Bladder disorders and lumbar disc.

9.    Karim Maroof Aziz, 73, suffers from heart diseases; he had heart operation surgery.

10.    Amanullah Mostaghim, 64, suffers from advanced heart diseases.

11.    Foad Moghadam, 64, suffers from the lumbar disc and heart disease.

12.    Asghar Ghatan, 63, suffers from heart diseases and cancer.

13.    Ali Salanpoor suffers from lumbar and neck disc.

14.    Zanyar Moradi, 26, suffers from severe pain in his spine due to torture.

15.    Jamaldin Khanjani, 84, suffers from eyesight losing, heart diseases and aging.

16.    Rasool Hardani, 32, suffers from MS (Multiple Sclerosis) due to severe tortures during interrogation.

17.    Saeed Abedini, 35, suffers from frequent urination, dysuria and bladder infection.

18.    Khaled Hardani, 45, suffers from severe pain in his stomach and large intestine.

19. Mrs. Zeynab Jalalian, 28, has had severely difficult experiences in prison�both psychologically and physically too and she is at risk of eyesight losing. She gradually lost her eyesight due to torture during investigation by Intelligence Service officials of Iran. She also was flogged and beaten with electrical wire in her metatarsus in the prison. She was threatened to rape by the investigators; and one of the investigators had beaten multiple blows on her head by shaft that caused of bleeding.

20. Mrs. Atena Daemi, a young civil activist, suffers from heart disease.

21. Mr. Behnam Ebrahimzadeh suffers from arthritis of the neck and severe pain in his gum and ears.

22. Mr. Omid Kokabee, an Iranian experimental laser physicist and former atomic physics PhD student at the University of Texas America, suffers from kidney stones.

23.Mr. Mohammad-Reza Pourshajari suffers from kidney stones, swelling of the prostate and high blood sugar. He also needs immediate open-heart surgery.

24.Mr. Arjang Davoodi suffers from diabetes and blood fat disorders.  

25.Mr. Afshin Bahmani, who is currently in Rajai Shahr prison of Karaj, suffers from a chronic heart disorder. He has been allegedly deprived of special health care since the arrest; officials refused him to access medical care by transferring to the hospital.



The five main reasons for death penalties in Iran are heresy, rape, murder, drug smuggling and armed struggle. Mohammad Javad Larijani, the head of the judicial system said that "most of the accused are being sentenced for drug trafficking,"

Capital punishment has been spiked under Rouhani; more than 2000 execution carried out in Iran during President Rouhani period since 3 August, 2013. The human rights situation in Iran has not improved since Hassan Rouhani became President two years ago, Kimmo Sasi, a former Member of Parliament from Finland and Member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, has said in September, 2015.

The rate of executions have dramatically increased under President Rouhani--a rate higher than any previous president in the Islamic Republic's history.The number of death penalties has risen by 16% in comparison with last year of Ahmadinejad's presidency, which is the highest in 15 years.

Further, Iran has the horrible status of being the world�s last official executionerof child offenders � people convicted of crimes committed when they were under the age of 18, Amnesty International stated. In many cases, child offenders under sentence of death in Iran are kept in prison until they reach 18 before execution.


Religious and Ethnic Minorities' Rights:



Members of minority groups, including Baha'is, continue to face persecution and discrimination in Iran, despite promises by the government to the contrary, according to two high level UN officials (13 March 2015). Baha�i citizens continue to face discrimination, arrest, and arbitrary detention in connection with their religion. Baha�is have been systematically persecuted as a matter of government policy since 1979; extremist Islamic groups close to the regime have reportedly confiscated their properties and assets, according to the reports quoted by Human Rights reporters. �The houses burnt, disgusting slogans paint on the walls against Baha�i community,� a witness described the critical situation in Iran. They are not allowed to access the basic civil rights Such as work permission by receiving job permit, deprivation of higher education services and even an official representative in parliament. The witness added that the Baha�i citizens also have not the right to bury their beloved ones in public cemeteries.

disgusting slogans paint on the walls against Baha�is: �Down with Baha�is�.


Economic Pressure: Economic pressure on Iran�s Baha�i community is sharp, with both jobs and business licenses being denied to Baha�is. Government jobs, including not only in the civil service but also in such fields as education and law, have been denied to Baha�is since 1979 and Muslims often are pressured to fire Baha�is in their employment in the private sector.

Since 2007, the Baha�i International Community has documented more than 780 incidents of economic persecution against Iranian Baha�is. These include shop closings, dismissals, the revocation of business licenses and other efforts to block Baha�is from earning a livelihood. Recent examples include the following:

In April and May 2015, authorities closed more than 35 shops in the cities of Rafsanjan, Kerman, Sari, and Hamadan, in an effort to pressure Baha'is not to observe their religious holy days. This followed an earlier episode, in October 2014, when 79 Bah��-owned shops (link is external) in Kerman, Rafsanjan, and Jiroft, were sealed by the authorities. They owners had all closed their businesses to observe a Baha'i Holy Day, which apparently triggered the action. The authorities placed banners at the shops asserting that the owners had violated the rules governing business and trade practices. The fact that so many banners were ready for use points clearly to the fact that the attacks on Bah��-owned businesses were systematic and planned ahead of time. In January 2015, most of those shops were allowed to re-open, only to have many closed again in April and May 2015.

Persecution in education: Baha�i schoolchildren at all levels continue to be monitored and slandered by directors and teachers in schools. Secondary school students often face pressure and harassment, and some have been threatened with expulsion. Religious studies teachers are known to insult and ridicule Baha'i beliefs. In a few reported cases, when Baha'i students attempt to clarify matters at the request of their peers, they are summoned to the school authorities and threatened with expulsion if they continue to "teach" their Faith. Young Baha�is continue to be denied access to public and private colleges and universities in Iran as a matter of official policy, which requires that they be expelled if they manage to enroll, and school authorities learn that they are Baha�is. Those working in support of the Baha�i Institute for Higher Education (BIHE), an ad hoc, volunteer effort of the Iranian Baha�i community to provide education for its young people, have been at various times arrested, harassed and imprisoned.

In September 2014, for example, Ms. Shadan Shirazi was blocked from entering university despite the fact that she placed 113th on national college entrance examinations. The story was widely reported  (link is external)and reveals a new tactic undertaken by the government, which is to deprive Baha'is of any document or paper that they can use to prove they were discriminated against because of their religion.


Incitement to hatred: Over the years, thousands of pieces of anti-Baha'i propaganda have been disseminated in official or semi-official Iranian media. These include anti-Baha'i articles, videos, and web pages. A report, Inciting Hatred, covering a period from December 2009 through May 2011, documents the nature of these attacks. These attacks have not slowed or abated. From January 2014 through May 2015, the BIC documented more than 6,300 items of anti-Baha'i propaganda in Iran's official or semi-official media.

Since 2005, more than 800 Baha'is have been arrested, and the number of Baha'is in prison has risen from fewer than five to more than 70, Baha�i International Community expressed in a report in October 2, 2015.

Between September and December 2014, security forces in the cities of Isfahan, Tehran, Shiraz, Hamedan, Karaj and Semnan reportedly arrested at least 24 Baha'is, bringing the total number of Baha'is in detention to 100.

Three Baha�i women citizens were trialed by the same judge at the same time in Golestan Province. They were allegedly accused of �propaganda against the regime of Iran� in the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Golestan, Baha�i News agency reported. Iran�s security officials had arrested Soudabeh Mehdinejad, Roofia Pakzadan and Nazi Haghighi in 2013; there is not any information about the arbitrary arrest purpose, the rights group said. According to the news, 20 other Baha�i citizens had been convicted by Province�s Revolutionary Court on the false charges based on their peaceful faith.

Kalim Jahandari, a Baha�i citizen who is currently living in Bandar Abbas, was threatened and beaten through gun by anonymous individuals on 14 Feb 2015. He was blindfolded and taken to an unknown place to hurt him, after that, they threatened him that more pressure could be expected if propaganda of his fate be continued. Unidentified assailants are reportedly aware of Baha�i citizens� information in Bandar Abbas that suspected they related with Intelligence Service agencies. They have claimed that Attaollah Rezwani, a former executive of Baha�i community, was killed by them through bullet shooting in Bandar Abbas. The other Baha�i executives, Mehran Afshar and Behzad Rasty, would be killed at the time as they have been already informed.

Poorya Ighanian, an Iranian young Baha�I citizen, was deprived of educational services. Iran�s authorities banned him attending the University due to academic degree shortage, Baha�I News agency said.

Mr. Ighanian, from Tehran, who had gained an excellent rating as rank 1690 was allegedly prevented from study for his religious belief.

Adnan Rahmat Panah, the young Baha�I citizen, was insulted as quoting �you are untouchable because you are not Muslims� by Mahmoud Sadati, the chief judge of the Revolutionary Court in Shiraz, Fars province. He was arrested on the charge of propaganda against the regime of Iran on 12 Dec 2012. Adnan was kept at Ward Youth Green in Adel Abad of Shiraz city alongside more than 200 prisoners who cramped in a space less than 120 square meters.



Iranian Sunni citizens complain of discrimination; the religious minority says they are treated as second-class citizens, but were hopeful for changes under Rouhani. President Rouhani had promised equal rights to Shia and Sunni Iranians, in his speech made in Iran�s southern city Bandar Abbas.

Human rights activists have concern Sunnis� situation and expressed Sunni Muslims living in fear in Iran as state-sponsored persecution ramps up.

In recent years in Iran, there has been a wave of arbitrary arrests of Sunnis. Dozens of Sunni citizens are currently on death row; they often suffer discrimination and sometimes much worse. In addition, followers of non-Shia Islamic faiths are felt not true Muslims. The freedom of faith is enshrined in Iran�s constitution � but the reality is very different. Accordingly, Tehran�s central Sunni prayer room was sealed and shut down by municipal officials, according to reports from Iran. They are refused to build new mosques. At least 10 Sunni converts were arrested in July 2014, and more than 20 Sunni converts were arrested in February 2015 at a Qur'an and Arabic language study meeting in Koye Alawi in Ahwaz city.

Reports confirm that the repression of Sunnis has been allegedly intensifying since 2015, when six young Kurdish Sunni activists included Hamed Ahmadi, Jamshed Dehghani, Jehangir Dehghani, Kamal Molayee, Seddigh Mohammadi and Syed Hadi Hosseini were executed at 4 am morning, 4 March 2015, in Rajai Shahr Prison, Karaj.

Six Sunni prisoners of conscience have been executed in Iran.




The Arabs� situation in the south west of Iran: The region holds 70% of Iran�s oil resources and 30% of its water, flowing from more than five rivers such as Karoon, Dez, and Karkheh, with vast agricultural and fertile lands. The zone is the mainstay of the Iranian state economy; it is the center of its oil wealth and a factory for its industrial and agricultural products. However 99% of the Ahwazi Arabs are grappling with extreme poverty and deprivation at large scale. �Arab identity in the eyes of Iranian is a grievous sin and a grave threat� as an Ahwazi activist has acknowledged.

He also added that the main causes of self-immolation of Younes Asakereh, who had committed self-immolation has died Sunday earlier morning on 22 March 2015, are the ongoing repressive policies of Iran�s authorities carried out against Ahwazi Arab people. The oppressive practices are including political repression, systematic economic marginalization, environmental destruction, cultural assimilation and denial of Arabic.

An Ahwazi Arab activist rahim Hamid has expressed in an exclusive report that the population is facing a frightening growth in cancer rates. The region is threatened to be overwhelmed by a burgeoning cancer epidemic and despite an acute increase in cancer incidences no real urgent action is seen to be taken by the government authorities in cancer prevention, improvement of health-care systems and facilities, improvement of access to essential medical treatment, and the treatment of the poor Ahwazi Arab people. The latest medical reports have previously confirmed that the leading cause of the outbreak of cancer, deadly and infectious diseases is the contamination of water and air in the area. In the last two decades, the deterioration of environmental conditions in the region is a result of sharp reductions in imported water, drought, and sandstorms, with this evidence, physicians have warned about rapid growth in cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Dr. Pedram, former head of Shafa hospital of Ahwaz, on 15 October 1987 about the rapid growth and increasing cancer cases diagnosed in Ahwaz Shafa Hospital said: �The number of cancer patients in the region is increasing so that more than a thousand new cases of cancer in children and adults is registered each year.�

In a Etemad newspaper report, the new head of Ahwaz Shafa Hospital, a hospital for diagnosis and treatment of cancer, said that the growth of cancer has been increased by 500%.  Dr. Shahrum Ebrahimi, cancer expert of Ahwaz Health Center stated: �among the more than a hundred types of cancers detected, 52 types of them were seen in deaths from cancer, which are more than deaths due to AIDS, T.B, and Malaria.�

The Ahwazi Arabs have experienced serious, long, deep rooted grievances and ethnic oppression, negligence, ethnic cleansing, poverty and deprivation under the current clerical regime.

Over 27 years after the end of the Iran-Iraq war, the damage and legacy of war are clearly visible in most cities in the south west of Iran. The regime has never taken any steps to reconstruct these cities, causing the Ahwazi Arabs to live in underdeveloped and shanty areas with high unemployment rates where they are treated as third-class citizens.

Ahwazi Arab people, �Dying of Thirst�. The Drought is Deliberately Inflicted by the Iranian regime.

International community must spark concern and calls to action to prevent ecological disaster in the face of natural causes taking placing in the region. On the subject of Iranian regime deliberate drought, however, media attention has been virtually nonexistent. This crisis has become the norm for Ahwazi Arab people for decades now, though its severity continues to increase as water becomes more scarce. The environmentalists estimate that due to Iranian water policy, the Ahwazi Arab areas will be uninhabitable by the year 2020. The water crisis there has resulted in severe economic hardship for hundreds of thousands of poor Ahwazis, a situation that�s not conducive to long-term stability in the region.

According to Ahwazi Arab activists, a large number of Ahwazi Arab villages not having easy access to drinking water.

Men and women of these thirsty villages travel to far-distant areas to get access to safe water supply while they are located near the �Dez River� which having the high water level.

Over 50 rural areas around Susa city with approximately 20 thousand people are deprived of having water pipe system and to carry the needed water to their homes people are forced to reach themselves every day to governmental centers which have piped water system. However, there are also many villages whose living condition remained miserable and had to drink untreated water from the polluted river, streams and small muddy ponds.





Introduction: Sistan and Baluchistan province with the lowest economic participation and management in the country, the highest illiteracy rate, the highest unemployment rate, the highest percentage of poverty, the highest rate of executions, the highest mortality rates of mothers and children, the country's highest per capita death , the largest number of Iranian people without identity cards, lack of food security, the lowest level indicator "life expectancy", the lack of judicial security and the highest percentage of malnutrition is the most disadvantaged provinces. The province is known for the tent schools. 

Tent schools in Sistan and Baluchistan Province.


The province has suffered over the years as a result of various historical, ethnic and geostrategic topics, leading to it becoming the land�s most deprived zone in the recent decades.

The people have several reasons to touch like second-class citizens such as deep economic crisis, unemployment, poverty, lack of labor and social welfare, the majority of the area�s rural population ranks with no welfare services and inadequate annual household expenditure levels for each family, lack of drinking water.

The zone has never been developed whereas the province is one of the well-heeled areas in the country including rich mines, however, the majority of the population in this province are below the poverty line according the official statistics expressed by state newspapers.

Sistan and Baluchistan today is the most underdeveloped, desolate, and poorest of the country�s provinces, insomuch thattThe government of Iran has been trying to return the crisis by accomplishing new projects such as creating Free Trade-Industrial Zone in the city of Chabahar.

Sistan and Baluchistan, the southeast province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran with an area of 181,785 km� and a population of 2.5 million, bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan (1100 km land border) and 300 K.M water border with Oman Sea that caused it becoming a strategic area in the Middle-East. The province comprises two sections, Sistan in the north and Baluchistan in the south and its capital is Zahedan. Its major cities are Khash, Iranshahr, Saravan and commercial free port of Chabahar on the coast of Gulf of Oman.

Freedom of Speech: Most Baluchs are Sunni Muslim, whereas the majority of Iranians are Shiite, and the government of Iran favors that branch of Islam. The problem for the people is that most of them are Sunni Muslims in a Shiite-ruled nation.

The Sunni cleric are called and threatened that they will be arrested if the religious ceremonies held by them and the rituals celebrate in the terms of security by Iran�s officials Intelligence Services.

Torture: Living in poor and exigent region of Baluchistan is a torture on its own, but the people from this region go under different types of tortures and persecutions in police stations and Intelligent Agency when they are detained.

The medieval tortures are a bitter memorial that Iran�s officials have being using against the Baloch dissidents in the regime�s detentions.

Many Balochi citizens could be faced the brutal tortures which goal of confession by Intelligence Service, Intelligence Division of Iran�s National Police Force or Revolutionary Guards officials.

The brutal methods of torture are used to force both- criminal and political inmates to confessing therefore inhumane inquisitions are loaded. They are experiencing sorely grievous work-out of tortures�both physical and psychological that mostly lead to their disabilities. The victims will be disabled for their whole life, whiles, hundreds of the inmates as well as innocent individuals are exposed to the Medieval torture in the Republic Islamic chambers.

The far-reaching norms of torture are as following: Hands crushing (thumbscrew) by clamp, pressure shower on the head where the individual gets nervous and tense after a few minutes, also waterboarding, pulling fingernails, cutting the fingers, hanging from ceiling, lash, high voltage shocking, shoving sharp objects into the sensitive organs, burning the sensitive organs, sexual torture as rape or sexual words, roast chicken torture, keeping in grave cell, mock execution, hanging up heavy objects to the testis, and lethal injection, etc.

Death Penalty and Murders in the Prisons: �According to census from Amnesty International, Iran�s regime hanged at least 1,481 people from 2004 to 2009, with the London-based International Voice for Baluch Missing Persons claiming that about 55 percent of them were Baluch.� The organization called that Baluchs in the country have tolerated the highest concentration of death penalties handed down as a percentage of population in the world for nearly a decade under the Islamic regime, Karlos Zurutuza wrote in The Diplomat Magazine.

And accordant to the annual report of Baluchistan Human Rights Violations dozens of  Baluch citizens were hanged by gallows in public and non-public execution on the charge of drug possession, adultery, armed conflict, armed robbery, murder, blasphemy, theft. Some of the prisoners of conscience are faced the death penalty because of their non-violence activities that the government sees them as a threat such as religious students and Sunni activists.


Prisoners� critical condition in the area: According to the reports, the prisoners suffer from lack of cooling system such as air conditioner, refrigerator, and water cooler in Zahedan prison in summer of 2014.  It is worth noting that the health treatment is another huge harassment for prisoners, the prisoners reportedly declared that the prison clinic doesn�t have medicine for specific diseases and they have to buy medicines on own costs.

Terror and Abduction: There are several Terrors daily or weekly in Baluchistan; the cause of most of these terrors is based on tribal challenges. The fundamental reason of the increase in this type of terrors is distributing firearms among these tribes and ordinary people by the Revolutionary Guards. In many cases the evidences show that these firearms are used during these tribal unrest and lead to massacre but not only these firearms are not taken away from the owners but also it seems that there is a kind of exemption for the owners and users of these firearms. The reason is that these murderers and terrorists are connected to Revolutionary Guards, or there is no serious intention to solve fundamentally solve this issue, therefore the users of these firearms are never charged to imprisonment or serious prosecuted.

The Deputy Governor of the province expressed concern about high-level insecurity in the region which increased the number of armed robbers up to 149% and more than 72% of arms exploration.

Baluch Activist Campaign stated that 33 killed and wounded by direct police shooting in Sistan and Baluchistan in the first six months of Iranian year.

The security situation of Sistan and Baluchistan has been in serious crisis due to its proximity bordering Pakistan that the region protection has given to the Revolutionary Guards during the presidential term of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Terror is a common form that both Baluchi armed groups and security forces of the regime have exercised it to achieve their interests.

Education: More than 32% of the population of the region is illiterate according to the statistics reports. The region is known for its Tent-Schools and the students are unfamiliar with the facilities such as cooling and heating system, toilets, audiovisual equipment, sport halls and windows in the classes.

The Director of Education of the state Alireza Nakhai said the governmental news agency ISNA on 4th June 2015 that there are 400,000 illiterate people in Sistan and Balouchistan, and at least 162,000 of these people are under 50 years old.

The Literacy Movement Mohammad Mehdi Zadeh said that most of Iran�s illiteracy in the age group 10 to 49 is belonged to the province. The General Director of the province has acknowledged that the area is faced a shortage of more than 8000 educators due to lack of adequate funding.

The Director of School Renovation of the province also has mentioned more than 10 thousands classrooms in the region faced with the lack of a standard heating system.

The General Director Alireza Nakhaei in an interview with the governmental news agency Mehr has stated that more than 120 thousands children and juveniles are deprived of educational opportunities due to lack of space and Geographical distribution in the zone.

Member of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of Provinces Mohammad-Amin Dehvari said on 11 June 2015 during the seventeenth session of the Supreme Council of Provinces that many students have forcibly study in the tent classes without any roof because of the unfair attribution of facilities in different provinces as the news agency close to the Revolutionary Guards Fars said.


Half of the Province�s Children Are Deprived of Nursery

There are 8oo villages in the north of the province whereas the area has only 80 nursery center as Director of Social Welfare Sarawani said Mehr news agency. 

Economy: The province was never a preferred place for industrial investment, hence the lack of laboring and has never been contained in the country�s comprehensive development strategies.

The province has undermined its potential because of the far from the capital city of Iran that the major investments in infrastructure are wasted as other remote regions, as it could not produce economic momentum.

The region is stuck between armed smuggling and terrorist groups and plagued by underdevelopment, unemployment and poverty.

�The province is in dire need of attention from the central government, the only entity capable of developing its infrastructure and overall economic conditions� as Bijan Khajehpour expressed in the article by Almonitor.

Sistan and Balochistan has been described as akin to Mars on Earth. For all the attention they get from Tehran, many Baloch feel they may as well be on another planet as Karlos Zurutuza said on 2011.

Deputy Governor of the province said that the rate of unemployment has exceeded 40% in the province whereas its members in the parliament expressed about more than 50% measurement of the unemployment.

The comparing of the employment rate among Iran�s provinces is stated that Sistan and Bluchistan has allocated the lowest rate (24.7) of employment in the country.

Hassan Khedri the Representative of the Supreme Leader of Iran in Zahak declared that more than 90 percent of the population are below the poverty line and 50% of the citizens are covered by funding agencies in the area.

1800 labors of a spinning mills have been fired out as the Chairman of the Socio-Cultural Counsil in the city of Iranshahr said.

In 2013 the poverty rate under one Dollar was 0.01% of the total population. And Sistan, Balouchestan and Yazd has had the highest rate with 6%.  Those living with less than one Dollar in rural areas is 6% of that population with Yazd province capturing 37% of that as the highest rate. In 2013 those living with less than $25 was 2% of the total population with Sistan and Balouchistan Province holding the highest rate at 2 %.  Those living with less than $125 were 6% of the population in 2013 with 41% held by Sistan and Balouchestan with the highest rate.

Member of City Council of Iranshahr pointed to the building a new prison in front of the factory and said:�now there are 2000 prisoners and the statistics have shown that Unemployment is an important factor in crime.� Regarding this issue Nazli Raeesi the wife of one of the fired workers of the factory said to the governmental news agency ILNA: we are four in our family and my husband has to smuggle tea and gasoline from Chabahar or Zabol to Afghanistan in order to earn some money. Doing this he has been arrested several times and we have lived unsupervised and without life support for a long time.

She added that my husband has worked for Baft Baloch company for nine months but he didn�t have any insurance in order receive unemployment insurance or to redeem like some other workers.

The economic participation rate in the spring of 2009 has been in a way that despite a participation rate of 40.5 per cent of the country, East Azerbaijan province at the rate of 48.5 per cent had the highest and Sistan and Balouchistan with 29.7 percent had the lowest rate of economic participation. Comparing the unemployment rate in the spring of this year show that the unemployment rate 11 percent of the country, Lorestan province has experienced the highest unemployment rate of 19.5 percent and North Khorasan Province with 4.2 percent has the lowest unemployment rates. The difference between the best and the worst unemployment rate in the spring of 2009, was 15.3 percent.

Because of the economic problems, many young men of the province earn their livelihood through smuggling fuel, drugs and goods. The province is ranked first in the smuggling fuel and dozens of people are killed annually in this way.

The youth of the province enter the profession of smuggling from the age of 13. Head of the Employment Association of Islamic Councils of Sistan and Balouchistan said that in this region because of lack of proper-paid jobs, local boys enter the black jobs like smuggling and trafficking in the borders from childhood and adolescence.

Golbameri emphasized that the responsibility of these people is mostly transporting consumer goods, such as food, clothing, fuel, second hand goods, automotive parts and home appliances and said: these adolescences have no relation to criminal and illegal activities and only for the purpose of their livelihood are commuting on the border.

He mentioned that these adolescences are under no social support and are commuting in the border of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan and are paid based on the distance and the type of goods. He said that their income is something between 10,000 to 30,000 Tomans per day.

Environment: The combined Sistan and Baluchestan province today accounts for one of the driest regions of Iran with a slight increase in rainfall from east to west, and an obvious rise in humidity in the coastal regions.

The region is a particular place where the location of many rare animals with virginal habitat for animals.

The province known rainbow of mines in the country including granite, copper, limestone, gold, marble, uranium, oil, gas and cement.

The residents of more than 200 villages left their homelands because of drought and water crisis as a MP Herawi said Shahvarn newspaper on 2 Oct 2014.

The Director of Balouchestan Studies Center in London Abdul-Sattar Doshouki said in a part of his report in Persian BBC in in 2014 that loss of Hamoun Lake in Sistan, which is the seventh international pond in the world and is the biggest sweet lake of Iran, caused dispersion and homelessness of dozens of farmers, fisher men and ranchers.

A lake from which 12000 tons of fishes were caught, today is a dry and hot floor under a great amount of sands. Hamoun death caused the biggest environmental emigration and dispersion in Iran.

Sistan was considered as the silo of Iran, is now no place for farming based on the reports of internal news agencies.

There is less attention to the loss of Jazmourian Pond in west of Balouchistan, which once was the provider of forage for hundred thousands of chattels and the water source of so many.

The main cause of Jazmourian death, in addition to mismanagement and building small dams, was building the biggest dam of south east of Iran on Halilroud River in the city of Jiroft. After that in 90s decade it caused to drying great parts of this pond and producing salt marshes. This led to homelessness of so many Baluch families in Balouchistan and Kerman.

Welfare Services: Sistan and Baluchistan with 180.726 square kilometers, 11% of the size of the country, has not sporadically exceeded highways about 167 K.M. The zone is the poorest province in terms of roads and Colonel Ayoub Sherafati in an interview with the governmental news agency Irna said more than 709 citizens died in traffick accident on the roads of the province and 55% of the accidents caused by overturning cars and 24% of deaths related to the events of the vehicles which carrying illegal fuel (fuel smuggling) and human trafficking.

The habitants of 14 villages in Habudan near Ahuran Lashar in Nikshahr of Sistan and Baluchistan have to climb to the highest mountain tip or go and return a 34 kilometers way in order to just make a phone call.

14 villages of this mountainous and difficult region have a population of 586 families and more than 2300 people.

Officials of Health Ministry have acknowledged people of this southeast region have been facing the lowest life expectancy.

The province�s representative in the parliament confirmed that unemployment rate in the region is more than 50%.

The capital of the province Zahedan has topped illiteracy with 1.64% of the population below poverty line in Iran.

The data vividly exposing the long term injustice inflicted on the field of healthcare in the province.

Based on the report of Balouch Activists Campaign according to a local news agency Tolou Konarak, 27 years ago health minister(of the time) started to build Shahid Rajaee Hospital, but still people of Konarak city have to go other cities to be treated.

A pregnant woman was admitted to Razi hospital in Saravan and she and her baby died because of doctors� ignorance. Tabatabai claimed that maternal mortality in this state is 3 times of the average of the country and said: 10 percent of the population are living mobile and are straggly that it is not possible to provide health services for them.

General Director of population, family and schools� health also added that Sistan and Balouchistan has 14 percent of death rate with 70 thousands and deliveries under 18 and 35 years old are the most common cause of death for women in this state.

Many rural and remote zones of the province are denied of drinking water due to drought and lack of management by the central government.

The residents of the villages of Chabahar suffer from shortage of drinking water in the last four months as the Chairman of the Village Council of the Voshnamha Fazeli said to the governmental agency Khabar Online.

The Deputy of Health Services of Medical University in Zahedan told Irna news agency in 2015 that one-fifth of the province�s children under five-year-old suffer from underweight, physical weakness and short stature.

Shortage of micronutrients in children is another phenomenon in Sistan and Balouchistan. Shortage of Zinc and Iron in this state is twice of the average of the country.

He claimed that: in addition anemia and shortage of Iron in pregnant women in this state is twice the average of the country. More than 44 percent of the women in this state suffer from iron deficiency.

He added that last year we witnessed 29 pregnant women dead; malnutrition, anemia, several continuous deliveries as well as traditional deliveries, deliveries above 35 years old and under 18 and severe bleeding after childbirth are the main causes of maternal mortality in this state.

The Health Deputy of Medical Sciences University of Zahedan claimed: Sistan and Balouchistan as the youngest state of Iran is suffering from malnutrition and anemia.

Seyed Mehdi Tabatabai mentioned in his talk with Mehr: unfortunately the indicators of malnutrition in Sistan and Balouchistan are twice of the other states and healthy food is not available for everybody in this state especially for women.

He pointed that 20 percent of children under 5 years old are suffering from malnutrition and were diagnosis with wasting, underweight and stunting; he added that in terms of food security we are on the border of warning situation.

He said that the prevalence of anemia in all age groups in Sistan and Baluchistan doubles as the national indices, and added: rate of anemia in the country is 20.7, while the index of Sistan and Balouchistan is 2 times of the average of national rate and is 41.7.

The General Director of population, family and schools� health claimed birth rates in the state is about 3.5 times the country's average. He said 41 percent of children between 15 to 23 months in this state are suffering from anemia. He added regarding sanitation and consultation during and before marriage there are some lacks. 26 percent of the mothers in the country are suffering from anemia and from this amount 16 percent are living in Sistan and Balouchistan.

Doctor Firouz, deputy of the Skin and Leprosy Research Center told Health News Reporters Club about leprosy: Sistan and Balouchistan is one of the states which has the highest rate of leprosy in the country.

Based on the claim of Blood Transfusion Organization, Sistan and Balouchistan has the highest rate of thalassemia in Iran. This is while Chairman of the board of directors of thalassemia of the country warned about the critical situation of Sistan and Balouchistan in the birth of thalassemia.

Cancer expert of Health Deputy of Zahedan said the ratio of cancer patients in the state has increased in the last 5 years and in 2013 more than 700 people from this state had cancer and this is only a part of the real statistics. He added the most common cancers in this state are leukemia, breast and stomach cancers.

According to the report of IRIB News Agency, the highest rate of TB patients in Iran is related to Sistan and Balouchistan.

President of the TB program and chief of department of communicable diseases of the Medical Sciences University of Zahedan said: most TB patients in this state are respectively in Zabol, Zahedan and Chabahar.

Doctor Parsi added: the prevalence of tuberculosis in neighbor countries Afghanistan and Pakistan is one of the important causes of the spread of this disease in the state of Sistan and Balouchistan

Ministry of Health announced in 2011 that the rate of HIV infection among women in the province is 2 times the national average because of the cultural conditions and illegal travels to neighbor countries and polygamy. This rate is 3 times higher among children.

Based on the report of Khorasan Newspaper in 2010, HIV infection rate of children is 3 times the national average in Sistan and Balouchistan.

Azamdokht Rahimi Head of the Bureau of Population of ministry of health said to State news agency Hamshahri: based on the latest results of the Ministry of Health research, Tehran and Gilan have the highest life expectancy age and Sistan and Balouchistan has the lowest life expectancy age.

The Director of Balouchistan Studies Center in London Abdul-Sattar Doshouki mentioned in an article in BBC in 2014 that despite of the agreements with Khatam Headquarters and National Iranian Gas Company, Balouchistan is the only state in Iran which does not gas pipeline in its cities.

The extortion of state institutions to fisher men and farmers is very well known. For example, onion is bought from the farmers for 11 Cents (355 Tomans) per KG and then is sold over 46 Cents (1500 Tomans) in the market.

The Baloch citizens called Iran�s president Hassan Rouhani in an open letter to mention of medical and health critical conditions, lack of experts and medical staff, the A high mortality rate of mothers and children in the region on June 2015.

Drug trafficking and fuel smuggling: The Deputy Governor of Sistan and Baluchistan said that more than 115 tones drug are seized in the province on 2014. 

There is no drug rehabilitation center for children in Sistan Baloochestan

Although the unofficial statistics show more than 700 addicted children in Zahedan, but there is drug rehabilitation center for them in this city and even for the whole state.

He added, 9000 people are admitted to drug rehabilitation centers in the state but because of the lack of any center for children there is no statistics about addicted children.

The governmental agency Mehr pointed to addiction in an article with the title �decrease in addiction age in the city of Khash is a serious warning� on 7th March 2015 and said according to the Head of the Welfare Organization of Khash city that decrease in addiction age in the city of Khash is a serious warning and should be seriously planned to address this. Aminollah Hashemzehi said to Mehr agency that the transition of drug users from traditional drugs to chemical ones is a worrying issue.

He added according to existing statistics especially regarding the drug usage in the province, addiction age of 12 years is a warning and all the officials have to put effort to solve this issue. The Head of the Welfare Organization of Khash city pointed to the geographical situation of Sistan and Balouchistan and its neighbors Afghanistan and Pakistan which makes this province in exposure to more drugs. He added this neighborhood has been always a threat which needs solidarity and empathy of administrative and security organs.

Mehr agency mentioned about Zolfaghar, an eleven-year-old boy who is using drug with his mother without the fear of the camera, is one of the children whose dreams and life is colored grey.

For a second we enter their house which is open to everybody according to themselves, the black walls and this livelihood which nothing more than a blanket and a gas-picnic becomes a good subject for the camera.

Zolfaghar is busy with the used aluminum pieces and his eyes are barely seen among the smoke, he is silenced to our questions and prefers to grab the smoke rather to answer us.

His mother doesn�t have any problem with our presence or the camera and says: Zolfaghar uses Heroin, he started at the age of 5, he never studied, hi dad is dead and their neighbor made him addicted.

This family don�t have any ID therefore, they cannot get any legal or social support and their names is not among Iranian citizens. They don�t receive any financial aid from the government and their job is begging from the drivers behind the traffic lights to earn some money for a piece of bread and of course the heroin.

Drugs for bread: Saeed is one other thirteen-year-old adolescent who lives here in an illegal house; he is the child of Iranian mother and Afghan father who died because of drug abuse.

He is one of the children who does not have any ID (birth certificate) thus he is deprived of education right. He started his job by waxing shoes in the streets from his childhood in order to earn some food for him, his mother and his little sister.

He used to sell Hashish (Marijuana) and Nas (a kind of drug mostly used in Balouchestan Afghanistan); he tells: selling drugs brings good income but is very dangerous for me because I don�t have an elder brother.

I asked him how an elder brother can help. He replied: when there are a lot of children we can sell drugs more easily because if one is arrested the others can work for the family livelihood, in addition if the amount of drug is much the brothers can claim that each of them are responsible for some part of it is in order to reduce the verdict of the court and the punishment is divided between them and nobody would be sentenced for death penalty.

He is now selling newspapers and tells Mehr agency that I just need a job and food, it doesn�t matter what I sell.

He continues the income of selling the newspapers is not bad which is 300,000 Toman (almost$100) per month; but newspapers reach Zahedan very late and even some days they don�t reach and I cannot eve buy a bread.

He added that selling newspapers is more respectful and sometimes people who buy the newspapers pay more but polishing shoes usually is followed by beating and insulting, so many times I get a kick instead of money.


Children addicted to steam: The term �Children addicted to steam� refers to kids who are addicted to sniffing gasoline or glue. Mehr news agency reported about the working children who are in the business of selling gasoline and are addicted to the smell of gasoline and get high by smelling gasoline several times of a day. In addition these children are the permanent customers of stores in Hafez alley, Azadi Street in Zahedan to buy glue and sniffing it to reach the state of ecstasy. Peyman Javidnia one of the sellers in the above mentioned area says that: most of our glue customers are the children between 8 to 10, and because we know their intention we don�t sell glue to children under 15.

Trafficking gangs looking for the children and adolescents: Chief of the Office of Women and Children Rights of Justice in Sistan o Balouchistan claimed that the smugglers and trafficking gangs are always aiming to abuse child and adolescent.

Omekolsoum Moazen said to Mehr: you can find adolescents under 14 years old in prisons who had carried drugs for small amount of money like 400,000 Tomans (almost $100). This shows how smugglers take advantage of the adolescents� unawareness.

90 % of the criminals are among children without identity: The Chief of the Office of Women and Children Rights of Justice in in the province claimed that unfortunately marriage between Iranian women and foreigners or wanted people or people without identity results in children without identity and birth certificate; and this have had a heavy burden on the society in this state.

Moazen mentioned that: lack of identity cards and birth certificates deprives these children form their right to have education and social services and welfare and as a result these children are absorbed by criminal and corruption gangs.

She said: children without identity lead to increase the social problems because of their dangerous behaviors. Thus, there is a constant increase in the number of children smuggling drugs, working children, children beggars, and young criminals and thieves.

In only one of the cities of this state more than 4600 acres of the gardens and groves are lost because of drought.

A Balouch activist who has helped in the statistics of this report said that send our voices to the people of the world, nobody knows what is going on in Sistan and Balouchistan, nobody knows why people like Abdulmalek Riggi has rebelled.




The Kurdish region has remained in the same situation but a bit slightly different. The cross-border carry trade is the main source of income of some for the Kurds due to unemployment which force them to face serious risks of climbing the impassable mountain and covering more than 300 kilometers while carrying out the backpacks. There is more perilous exactly like landmines explosion, falling into the valley or rivers where it is located in the cross-border and gunfire by border security forces or snipers.


What they (ethnic and religious minorities) are asking for ending discrimination, the creation of employment opportunities for the minorities population, and the right to teach in their native language, things that are the people's natural right, based on the law.


Labor Activists:


Following the suspicious death of prominent labor activist Mr. Shahrokh Zamani in Rajai Shahr prison of Karaj (north-west of Iran�s capital, Tehran ) on Sep 13, 2015, there are reports by rights groups of a wave of arrests of union and civil rights activists. How many political prisoners lost their lives due to excruciating prison term in Rajai Shahr (Gohar Dasht) prison in Karaj, included Valiollah Feyz Mahdavi, Amir-Hussein Heshmat Saran, Mansour Radpour and Afshin Osanlou, rights groups stated. Despite human rights organizations concern on vague deaths, Iran�s forensics officials avoided the reasons.

On September 15, Mr. Ali Nejati, a well-known leader of the labor union in Haft Tapeh cane factory, was detained. Similarly, Mr. Mahmoud Salehi, a unionist from Sanandaj, in Kurdistan Province, has been sentenced to nine years in prison on September 16, but the court�s office verbally declared that he has been condemned to nine years in prison and refused to hand him his verdict in writing. He is charged with taking part in �populations fighting and advertising against the regime.� He has been repeatedly arrested and imprisoned.

Several prominent labor activists have been arrested in Iran ahead of May 1, 2015, International Workers' Day. On the eve of International Workers� Day, Iranian authorities have arrested at least five labor leaders.


Anwar Lajevard, a labor activist prisoner in Salmas prison, passed away as a result of cardiac arrest and the prison officials had put him off in transferring to the hospital.

Anwar, 45, who were lived in Broshkhoran village of Salmas city, dropped off because of heart failure in Tabriz Hospital on Thursday, 18 June 2015.

His son Behnam Lajevard said that "my father had been arrested about nine months ago to serve his prison term, and he was transferred to the prison of Salmas. By the way, suddenly his health condition decayed, and he passed away on Tuesday. But, the prison officials deemed that it is not perilous and he will be fine. Finally, the officials accepted to take him to the hospital after 2-3 hours, when he was still in comatose. He took to Khoy Hospital when he was still alive, but was finally transferred to Tabriz Hospital on request of specialists. My father died after having two days in the hospital."

Behnam added his father was a labor and unpolitical. My father had been released on the bail after having two months interrogation in the solitary confinement in his first detention. The preliminary court had carried out its charge against my father, four-year in prison which was reduced at the Appeal Court to one year.

The deceased prisoner had been reportedly accused of cooperation with the Kurdish opposition parties as his son declared.

Behnam Ebrahimzadeh, a labor activist, was arrested and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment at 15 ward in the Revolutionary Court that was reduced by the appeal court to five years. He was also sentenced to nine years and six months imprisonment when he had spent his remaining imprisonment term in prison. He suffers from arthritis of the neck, stomach bleeding and severe pain in his gum and ears.

Hundreds of workers protesting in front of the Iranian Parliament on January 7, 2015.



Iranian teachers have experienced of prejudice and discrimination, as Trade Unionist Teachers state. Shirzad Abdollahi, an education analyst living in Tehran, told Al-Monitor, �This year, the rate of inflation has been at least 25%, and if we compare salary increases with inflation, then, compared to the previous year, the teachers� purchasing power will decrease by 11%.�

Farzad Kamangar, who was a 32-year-old Iranian Kurdish teacher, poet, journalist, human rights activist and social worker from the city of Kamyaran, Iran who was executed on May 9, 2010. The Islamic Revolutionary Court sentenced Mr. Kamangar to the death penalty on February 25, 2008 on charges against national security including being a member of PJAK and active participation in several bombing attacks among which was the 2006 explosion in the Iran-Turkey gas export pipeline.

Esmail Abdi, a leader of the Iranian Teachers� Trade Association, has been arrested and detained following his attempt to obtain a visa to attend the 7th Education International World Congress in Ottawa, Canada, later June, 2015.

Mahmoud Barati along with ten other prisoners was executed by gallows in Ghezel Hesar prison of Karaj city earlier morning on 7 Sep 2015. Mr. Barati, an Iranian school teacher, who was sentenced to the capital punishment based on false charges as drug-related crimes was hanged on to death only for the testimony of an offensive, Iran Human Rights said. There were not any other pieces of evidence against Mr. Barati besides the testimony of an inmate, was also accused of drug smuggling.

�The key witness, who was later executed for drug trafficking, had withdrawn his testimony�, the rights group reported. He, who worked as a teacher in Taybad County in Razavi Khorasan Province, had not ever been charged with crimes; his family had not allegedly chose their rights for the last farewell.

Ali Hussein Panahi was arrested at his father�s house by Intelligence Service officials in Gharechay rural district of Dehgolan County on 31 Aug 2015; he has been allegedly taken to an unknown place. Officials arrested him for encouraging the Kurdish minority residential to raise up against the systematic discrimination in the Kurdish region whereupon he detained tow days after the lecture, Human Rights Defenders Association of Kurdistan said. Previously, Mr. Hussein Panahi was a former "rolemaster" of Gharechay rural district for about four years, and he is an educator in a one of the schools in Sanandaj city.

Rasoul Bodaghi, an Iranian teacher, who has spent his last three years imprisonment terms, was taken to an unknown location on the pretext of being dispatched to Evin Court on 26 April 2015. He was allegedly asked to abdicate from the Teachers Union activities by Intelligence Service officials, which causes the case will be closed. Officials want him to attend a televised session in order to express his confession as well.

Rasoul was deprived of conditional release during his six years imprisonment and exile; He had not been allowed even attending his mother funeral. Whereas, Iranian teachers have frequently objected to injustice and a systematic discrimination in the recent years, which has not been taken into consideration by the officials. The teachers had chanted of �we are crying out of discrimination, not out of poverty, and the teacher prisoners must be freed.�

On 16 April 2015, thousands of Iranian teachers had protested in several cities, urging the officials to stop the non-ending discrimination against educators in the country as rights group reported. The reports indicate that the security forces had suppressed the demonstrators brutally in Gilan Province on 16 April, on the other hand, a group of 300 individuals had simultaneously gathered in front of Islamic Consultative Assembly in Baharestan, Tehran. 


Human Rights Lawyers in Prison:


Abdolfattah Soltani, a human rights lawyer, was arrested on 16 June 2009 during demonstrations after the presidential election that many voters have believed in fraud election. Mr. Soltani was accused of 18 Years Imprisonment, Exile to Borazjan City and 20 Years denial of Attorney in Revolutionary Court on 2012.

He suffers from heart disease, blood pressure fluctuating and anemia disease, as of yet, he is deprived of receiving effective health care.


Mohammad Seddigh Kaboudvand, a human rights activist and journalist, was arrested on first of July 2007 and sentenced to ten years and six months imprisonment on the charge of acting against national security in Revolutionary Court of Tehran. He suffers from a kidney infection, hypoglycemia and extreme physical weakness due to excruciating life in prison.


Seyed Mohammad Seyfzadeh, a human rights lawyer, was arrested after unrest of the presidential election in 2009 due to his protests against results of the election. He received eight years imprisonment in Revolutionary Court of Iran. Mr. Seyfzadeh also suffers from kidney disorders and prostate disease.


Negar Haeri, an Iranian juristic and girl of a political prisoner Mashallah Haeri, was taken to Evin prison while she has been summoned to the Revolutionary Court of Tehran on 18 May 2015. Negar was reportedly transferred to ward 209 of Intelligence Service of the regime in Tuesday 19 May 2015 after having two days in ward women of the prison. Finally, she was released on the bail of two Milliards Tomans from Gharchak prison of Varamin city on 25 Feb 2015, till the verdict to be met.

The human rights lawyer had been kept in the prison on the charge of legal advice to prisoner's relatives. Negar was allegedly beaten by criminal inmates who were persuaded by officials of the jail. She was held alongside criminal prisoners at ward women  of Gharchak prison in Varamin city.


Mohammad-Ali Dadkhah, a human rights lawyer, was arrested with along Maliheh Dadkhah, Sara Sabaghiyan, Bahareh Dawallou and Amir Raeisiyan by Public Security Police of Iran in his office on 8 July 2009. He was convicted to nine years imprisonment, ten years deprivation of attorney practicing, lashes and fine on 2011. Dadkhah has been on the charge of defense of political prisoners, dismissed students, Gonabadi Dervishes, Pastor (Yousef Nadarkhani) who sentenced to death and his human rights activities.



Afghan Migrants:


Iran has provided refuge to over one million Afghan citizens and are identified as refugees by Iran�s officials. Afghan citizens are deprived of education in Iranian schools and universities due to lack of the identification even the ones whose mother is Iranian. They are forbidden to enter pools and recreational parks in cities. Afghans have not the ownership rights to buy property, they cannot even buy mobile sims. This issue has been referred in Article 17 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Intelligence Division of Iran�s National Police Force catches innocent Afghan citizens to force them to undertake charges as murder, armed robbery, and drug trafficking when there are no clues. The Afghan inmates are severely tortured with brutal methods to make them confess. They could not be hospitalized in some metropolitan cities, and they are not allowed to own cards or get driving licenses. Authorities have reportedly urged Afghans to join the Syria�s civil war with the promise of the right of residence. Afghans are insulted with offensive words by Iranian citizens who are being instigated by officials. This word has become a mark of contempt as some Iranian citizens use the Afghan word as a curse to each other.


Iran�s Authorities deport thousands of Afghan migrants monthly.


This report is provided as a service to the news medias and human rights organizations. All details have been verified by the human rights activists and reliable sources that are unidentified for security purposes. Statistics are current as of the above date.


*This section has been completed by using data from the Baha�i Community.

**This section has been derived from an exclusive report of human rights violations in Sistan and Balochistan, by ARAM Iran, written by Kaveh Taheri


Exclusive Human Rights report written by Kaveh Taheri and the introduction of the critical situation in Iran.